CÔNG TY TNHH KỸ THUẬT HUY PHONG
Trụ sở chính: Số 11 Đường Võ Văn Tần, Phường 6, Quận 3, Tp.HCM
Văn phòng đại diện: 53 Đường số 9, Phường Tân Kiểng, Quận 7, Tp.HCM
Điện thoại: (84-8) 5433 2773 – 5433 2774 - Fax: (84-8) 5433 2775

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CÔNG TY TNHH KỸ THUẬT HUY PHONG

General Description Biofilter

Biofiltration
Due to its process-integrated biological regeneration the biofilter technique is an effective method for odor
elimination and treatment of low concentration or undefined exhaust air streams. This advantage is
realised due to the natural reactions of the biological degradation of contaminants. It takes place at:
ambient temperature
neutral pH and normal pressure
produced no problematic final products

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Giá mới :

General Description
Biofilter
1. Biofiltration
Due to its process-integrated biological regeneration the biofilter technique is an effective method for odor
elimination and treatment of low concentration or undefined exhaust air streams. This advantage is
realised due to the natural reactions of the biological degradation of contaminants. It takes place at:
ambient temperature
neutral pH and normal pressure
produced no problematic final products
2. Principle of operation
Technically a biofilter is a bulk layer of organic dampened material through which the exhaust air flows
slowly through in order to be treated. It naturally contains a microflora that increases under appropriate
environmental conditions and adapts to the degraded exhaust components.
The exhaust components are separated by sorption at the filter material and dissolved in the contained
moisture film while it flows through the organic bed. The dissolved air components reach into the
microorganism cells by diffusion and osmosis and degrade it to ecologically non-relevant compounds. The
functionality of the biofilter essentially depends on the sorption capacity of the biofilter and the biological
activity of its bioflora. Their properties and activities are determined not only by material properties, but also
by the forthcoming exhaust parameters. These include:
the temperature of the water vapor-saturated air (ideally between 15 and 40 °C)
the water vapor saturation of the air to be treated (close to the saturation point)
the concentrations of pH-related exhaust components (as low as possible)
the concentration of dust and liquid aerosols (such as fat, resin or lubricant), (as low as possible)
the content of toxic or accumulating exhaust components (e.g. heavy metals) in negligible
concentrations
The service life and functionality of the biofilter can be guaranteed only if these exhaust parameters are set
correctly.
Biofilters are mainly applicable in the following fields: sewage treatment plants, composting, mechanicalbiological waste treatment, food production, manufacturing leather and tobacco processing.

3. Biofiltermaterial
We use a mixture of organic material as a substrate for the bacterial flora that is well structured and does
not collapse. The pressure drop remains constant over a long time.
In our biofilter two layers are used with different filter media:
The first layer should guarantee an optimal distribution of the incoming exhaust air and direct it
homogeneously onto the overlying filter layer. In addition, the bottom layer is used to start rotting
fine particles without condensations occurring. Our material used for the base is cracked root
wood. This is characterized by a high mechanical support function as well as a large surface area
and thus additional habitat for the degrading microorganisms.
The second layer is a special mixture of organic material. It serves as a support substrate and
adds missing nutrients for microorganisms into the raw air. At the same time, this mixture is also
sufficiently resistant to biodegradation and ensures a constant flow. Compaction and channeling in
the filter bed can thus be further prevented.
The filter mixture provides a very low pressure loss and high water storage capacity. It also has a high
buffering capacity and can thus maintain a pH value optimum for the microorganisms.
With correct operation, our biofilter provides a very long lifetime. Under optimum conditions, operating
times of 3-5 years can be accomplished without material change.
4. Parts of the system
4.1. Materials
The biofilter housing, the scrubber housing, the circuit line and all parts that are exposed to the exhaust air
or the wash water (packing, gratings, etc.) are made of corrosion-resistant plastics. High dimensional and
chemical resistance as well as a long lifetime characterize this material.
Our biofilters are completely made from fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP). This is handcrafted from highquality polyester resins using glass fiber mats, glass fabrics and fleeces. The walls are made of a sandwich
construction with a PU foam core. As a result, a high dimensional stability with minimal weight is achieved.
At the same time, this wall structure serves as an insulator, whereby the condensate formation in the
marginal zone of the filter material is avoided.
The prefabricated parts can be easily assembled into a finished biofilter. Due to its modular design, the
system can be added or expanded later on.
The inside of the biofilter and the washer is equipped with a protective coating against the chemicals. The
outer skin is pigmented and interspersed with UV absorbers. As a result, the scrubber housing is
permanently protected and is characterized by longevity.
4.2. Pre-scrubber
The reason for a pre-scrubber before the biofilter is to achieve an optimum preconditioning of the exhaust
air. Herewith the gas flow is set to the operating parameters necessary for the microbiological treatment.
Primarily this is the humidification of the air to nearly 100% relative humidity in order to guarantee an
adequate liquid film whereby the air cools down to the dew point.
In addition, the dust and dirt must be removed from gases to prevent fouling of the carrier material and a
clogging of the biofilter material.
A chemical pre-treatment of exhaust air may be necessary to ensure an optimum pH value in the liquid film
or constant ambient conditions for the bacterial flora
In order to effectively compensate load peaks in the exhaust stream and thus ensure high safety reserves,
the recirculating wash water in the pre-scrubber is also used as a buffer and to achieve constant conditions
for the microorganisms in the biofilter.
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4.2.1. Recirculated wash water
The wash water is constantly circulated in the pre-scrubber. The pump sucks the scrubbing liquid out of the
scrubber sump and discharges it through the circuit line to the nozzle. There the spiral full cone nozzles
spray the washing water constantly over the packed bed. It trickles through the packing and brings the
exhaust air stream to the operating conditions specified above.
4.2.2. Recirculation pump
An extremely robust and corrosion resistant plastic vertical chemical pump is used as a recirculating pump.
All wetted parts are tailored to the specific requirements of the partly aggressive or abrasive wash water. At
the same time, the exhaust contaminants and the accompanying reagents, which are converted into the
liquid phase, are considered.
In general, submersible pumps with dry erected engines are used. These pumps are bolted on specially
designed pump suctions boxes, which are positioned directly on the scrubber housing.
4.2.3. Packing
Due to their large active surface, which is wetted by water, the packing has the task to saturate the exhaust
air. Simultaneously, the transfer of pollutants into the washing liquid is increased.
With the used packing there are about 100m² surface per m³ package available. Because of the special
design of the packing (open frame, large active surface) many small washing liquid drops are split and
reformed. During the process, the droplet surface is constantly renewed and can therefore absorb more
pollutants.
4.2.4. Eliminator
Arranged behind each packed bed is a mist eliminator. It has the task to separate the entrained washing
liquid droplets from the air stream. The used eliminators are characterized by a high degree of separation
with low pressure drop and low risk of clogging.
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4.2.5. System Control Technology
In general our pre-scrubber is equipped with the following measuring and control devices:
Level control in the washing water sump with automatic fresh water supply
Dry run protection for circulation pump
Pressure gauge for monitoring inlet pressure of the nozzle
Sump heater with thermostat in the case of frost danger
In addition, the following control elements are available:
pH control in the case of dosing of acids or bases
Optionally on request are available:
Water meter for the registration of fresh water consumption
Temperature monitoring in the case of hot exhaust gases
Pipe heating for outside pipes
Exhaust air volume flow measurements
Fan speed monitoring
Control of under pressure
Raw and clean gas analysis
Operating hours counter for all drives
Flow monitoring for circuit line
Dosing station
4.2.6. Dosing Station


Due to the expansion of the pre-scrubber with a dosing station, it is possible to set a pH value for the wash
water. Thereby air pollutants such as ammonia or hydrogen sulfide can be washed out in front of the
biofilter in case of a high load. Thus, acidification of the biofilter can be avoided.
In case of dosing of acids (sulfuric acid) or alkaline (caustic soda) accordingly dimensioned dosing pumps
are used. In general these are magnet-operated diaphragm pumps. The wetted materials are adapted to
the used chemicals.
The dosing pumps are driven by the generated signal from the pH measurement. Due to the automatic
mode of operation, only the actually used chemicals are to be replenished.

 

Sản phẩm cùng mục

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Company Profile

Tholander Environmental Engineering has been founded in 1986. It has developed air pollution
control equipment and is one of the leading suppliers of odour control systems for industrial and
municipal applications.

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General Description of the Plant Biotricklingfilter

The biotrickling filter is a 1-stage packed scrubber passed by the waste air from the bottom to the top. This
unit operates under limited aerobic conditions and uses specific bacteria to convert hydrogen sulphide into
water-soluble harmless components.

đ
1

General Description Biofilter

Biofiltration
Due to its process-integrated biological regeneration the biofilter technique is an effective method for odor
elimination and treatment of low concentration or undefined exhaust air streams. This advantage is
realised due to the natural reactions of the biological degradation of contaminants. It takes place at:
ambient temperature
neutral pH and normal pressure
produced no problematic final products

đ
logo1 CÔNG TY TNHH KỸ THUẬT HUY PHONG
Trụ sở chính: Số 11 Đường Võ Văn Tần, Phường 6, Quận 3, Tp.HCM
Văn phòng đại diện: 53 Đường số 9, Phường Tân Kiểng, Quận 7, Tp.HCM
Điện thoại: (84-8) 5433 2773 – 5433 2774 - Fax: (84-8) 5433 2775